Thiamine deficiency and related clinical disorders represent an intriguing area of both basic and clinical investigation. Modern imaging strategies have facilitated the rapid treatment, and potential reversal of these clinical disorders. The fusion of laboratory and clinical knowledge serve as an example of how research can translate to successful treatment. The goal of Thiamine Deficiency and Related Clinical Disorders is to bring together cogent results from basic and clinical investigation and to stimulate further investigations in these areas. This data will be useful to neurologists, internists, nutritionists, biochemists, neurochemists, neuroscientists, and others with interest in thiamine deficiency.