This volume completes the second edition series of Surgical Neuroangiography. It covers neurovascular diseases in neonates, infants, and children and details the clinical challenges involved in managing lesions of the brain, spinal cord, spine, and head and neck in the pediatric age group. Vascular malformations of the maxillofacial area have also been included in this volume. The specificities of the perinatal and infancy period are emphasized to illustrate the need for proper understanding of the characteristics of this age group and the inappropriateness of adult strategies extrapolated to children. All chapters have been substantially expanded for this second edition in order to include the most recent contributions in clinical knowledge, therapeutic strategies, and outcome responses. New classifications based on updated nosologic linkages are introduced and classic syndromes are revisited.