This volume provides a unique insight into the academic profession at a time of major change. It is organized both thematically and geographically with attention given to regions rarely covered, such as China and Latin America. For the first time, here is a book that critically assesses the condition of the professoriate at a time of momentous change. The profession is fracturing along fault lines associated with gender, tenure, age, rank and system and institutional status. Globalization is also re-shaping the world of higher education, including academic work practices. This book draws upon a major international study of the academic profession, as well as upon new data. Both thematic treatments and case studies of the academic profession in various parts of the world present challenging insights into the tensions in the profession, as well as some of the aspects that, despite all the changes, bind academics in very different institutions and systems, together. Researchers, planners, students and national and international agencies concerned with the changing world of higher education, will find this book an indispensable guide to understanding the forms and directions of change in the professoriate, as well as some of the continuities.